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Science

 

SNC1D Science, Grade 9 (Academic)

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology,society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.
Prerequisite: None


SNC1P Science, Grade 9 (Applied)

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science to everyday situations. They are also given opportunities to develop practical skills related to scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into practical problems and issues related to the impact of human activity on ecosystems; the structure and properties of elements and compounds; space exploration and the components of the universe; and static and current electricity.
Prerequisite: None


SNC1L Science, Grade 9 (Locally Developed)

This course emphasizes reinforcing and strengthening science-related knowledge and skills, including scientific inquiry, critical thinking, and the environmental impact of science and technology, to prepare students for success in everyday life, in the workplace and in Science Grade 12 Workplace Preparation course. Students explore a range of topics including science in the media, interactions of common materials, interdependence of organisms in communities, and using electrical energy. Students have the opportunity to extend mathematical and scientific process skills and to continue developing their skills in reading, writing, and oral language through relevant and practical science activities.
Prerequisite: None


SNC2D Science, Grade 10 (Academic)

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.
Prerequisite: SNC1D, Grade 9 (Academic) or SNC1P, Grade 9 (Applied)


SNC2P Science, Grade 10 (Applied)

This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics and to apply their knowledge of science in real-world situations. Students are given opportunities to develop further practical skills in scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to human cells and body systems; chemical reactions; factors affecting climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.
Prerequisite: SNC1D, Grade 9 (Academic) or SNC1P, Grade 9 (Applied)


SNC2L Science, Grade 10 (Locally Developed)

This course emphasizes reinforcing and strengthening science-related knowledge and skills, including scientific inquiry, critical thinking, and the environmental impact of science and technology, to prepare students for success in everyday life, in the workplace, and in the Grade 11 Science Workplace preparation course. Students explore a range of topics, including science in media, interactions of common materials, human cells and body systems, and interaction of light and matter. Students have the opportunity to extend mathematical and scientific process skills and to continue developing their skills in reading, writing, and oral language through relevant and practical science activities.
Prerequisite: SNC1L, Grade 9 (Locally Developed) or SNC1P, Grade 9 (Applied)


 

Biology

SBI3C Biology, Grade 11 (College)

This course focuses on the processes involved in biological systems. Students will learn concepts and theories as they conduct investigations in the areas of cellular biology, microbiology, animal anatomy and physiology, plant structure and physiology, and environmental science. Emphasis will be placed on the practical application of concepts, and on the skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.
Prerequisite: SNC2D, Grade 10 (Academic) or SNC2P, Grade 10 (Applied)


SBI3U Biology, Grade 11 (University)

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes involved in biological systems. Students will study cellular functions, genetic continuity, internal systems and regulation, the diversity of living things, and the anatomy, growth, and functions of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation. 
Prerequisite: SNC2D, Grade 10 (Academic)

 

SBI4U Biology, Grade 12 (University)

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes associated with biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homoeostasis, evolution, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on achievement of the detailed knowledge and refined skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields. 
Prerequisite: SBI3U, Grade 11 (University Preparation) Biology
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Chemistry 


SCH3U Chemistry, Grade 11 (University)

This course focuses on the concepts and theories that form the basis of modern chemistry. Students will study the behaviours of solids, liquids, gases, and solutions; investigate changes and relationships in chemical systems; and explore how chemistry is used in developing new products and processes that affect our lives and our environment. Emphasis will also be placed on the importance of chemistry in other branches of science. 
Prerequisite: SNC2D, Grade 10 (Academic)


SCH4U Chemistry, Grade 12 (University)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, energy changes and rates of reaction, chemical systems and equilibrium, electro-chemistry, and atomic and molecular structure. Students will further develop problem-solving and laboratory skills as they investigate chemical processes, at the same time refining their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in daily life, and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment. 
Prerequisite: SCH3U, Grade 11 (University) Chemistry


SCH4C Chemistry, Grade 12 (College)

This course introduces students to the concepts that form the basis of modern chemistry. Students will study qualitative analysis, quantitative relationships in chemical reactions, organic chemistry and electro-chemistry, and chemistry as it relates to the quality of the environment. Students will employ a variety of laboratory techniques, develop skills in data collection and scientific analysis, and communicate scientific information using appropriate terminology. Emphasis will be placed on the role of chemistry in daily life and in the development of new technologies and products. 
Prerequisite: SNC2D, Grade 10 (Academic) or SNC2P, Grade 10 (Applied)  

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Physics

SPH3U Physics, Grade 11 (University)

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will study the laws of dynamics and explore different kinds of forces, the quantification and forms of energy (mechanical, sound, light, thermal, and electrical), and the way energy is transformed and transmitted. They will develop scientific-inquiry skills as they verify accepted laws and solve both assigned problems and those emerging from their investigations. Students will also analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.
Prerequisite: SNC2D, Grade 10 (Academic)


SPH4U Physics, Grade 12 (University)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of the concepts and theories of physics. Students will explore further the laws of dynamics and energy transformations, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields; electromagnetic radiation; and the interface between energy and matter. They will further develop inquiry skills, learning, for example, how the interpretation of experimental data can provide indirect evidence to support the development sof a scientific model. Students will also consider the impact on society and the environment of technological applications of physics.
Prerequisite: SPH3U, Grade 11 (University) Physics
*This course will be offered in alternating years - it will be offered in 2018-19. It will NOT be offered in 2019-20.

SPH4C Physics, Grade 12 (College)

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore these concepts as they relate to mechanical, electrical, fluid (hydraulic and pneumatic), and communications systems, as well as to the operation of commonly used tools and equipment. They will develop scientific-inquiry skills as they verify accepted laws of physics and solve both assigned problems and those emerging from their investigations. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.
Prerequisite: SNC2D, Grade 10 (Academic) or SNC2P, Grade 10 (Applied)

*This course will be offered in alternating years - it will be offered in 2019-20. It will NOT be offered in 2018-19.  

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